South Korea's tax burden ratio is expected to surpass 20 percent of its gross domestic product (GDP) mark for the first time this year, as the government pushes forward expansionist fiscal policies, officials said Sunday.
The finance ministry predicted that the country's tax burden will likely reach record levels as more dues are being collected from the rich and big businesses.
Seoul has said the money collected will be used to bolster the country's social welfare infrastructure and help reduce the gap between the rich and poor that can generate more consumption and lead to sustainable economic growth.
It said the country's total earnings through taxes is expected to rise 5.5 percent on-year to 365 trillion won (US$323.8 billion), with state local taxes all expected to exceed initial targets. Last year the country's tax earnings reached 345.8 trillion won.
The ministry said state taxes alone could reach 287.1 trillion won, up 19 trillion won compared with the original target, with local taxes likely to rise to 77.9 trillion won.
"With the country's GDP estimated at 1,799.6 trillion won, the tax burden ratio will come to 20.28 percent if all forecasts are met," an official said. "Increases in tax earnings are expected to outpace money to be used by the government on earned income and child tax support systems, with the result being overall tax burden numbers staying above 20 percent, at least for the near future."
The tax burden ratio of Asia's fourth-largest economy stood at 16.6 percent in 1990 but rose to 19.6 percent in 2007, before falling to 17.9 percent in the wake of the global financial crisis. This rose again to 19.97 percent in 2017.
Related to the level of tax burden that affects everyone's lives, there are growing calls by some that the general public needs to sign off on polices being pursued by policymakers.
"Since taxes impact everyone and their wealth, there is a need to keep everyone well-informed on such matters that can naturally lead to debate on the appropriate level of social welfare and how much dues should be collected," said Ahn Chang-nam, a tax professor at Kangnam University.
Finance Minister Kim Dong-yeon (R) listens to questions raised after the government outlined its 2018 tax plan on July 30, 2018, in this file photo. (Yonhap)Finance Minister Kim Dong-yeon (R) listens to questions raised after the government outlined its 2018 tax plan on July 30, 2018, in this file photo. (Yonhap)
The government too said it is aware that it has to secure public consensus with even Kim Dong-yeon, the country's finance minister conceding that tax issues need to be approached in a careful manner.
On the other hand, a report by the National Assembly Budget Office said that the average tax burden for the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) stood at 25 percent in 2015, making Seoul's numbers one of the lowest among developed market economies with high income.
In that year, the country's tax burden ratio reached 18.5 percent, placing it the 33rd lowest among 35 member states checked.
Local advocates of collecting more taxes said that taking into account broad factors, the country's current tax burden should be at around 22 percent at present. (Yonhap News)